All of my work begins working outdoors directly from the subject. Though I may finish a painting in the studio, it is always begun plein air. I work within the tradition of American and European landscape painting and my art is inspired by particular places, but rather than a literal record it is an emotional response to the subject. I don’t use photographs because I want to be in a position of having to use memory and imagination to fill in the gaps. This process leads to simpler, stronger compositions and requires me to give more of myself to the work. I want my paintings to depict psychological spaces - states of mind - states of being.

In its simplest form a composition is a relationship between two major elements, the earth and sky, dark and light, form and space, heaven and earth. Natural and manmade elements project upward and interlock with the shape of the sky. This relationship between simple elements forms a strong abstract composition which is the basis for the painting.

In urban subjects I am reminded of the work of painters like Edward Hopper and Charles Burchfield where architectural elements become characters in a psychological landscape. The urban environment is constantly being torn down and rebuilt. In general my choices for urban subject are older buildings. My work is a reflection of the tension between the  timelessness of art and the passage of time with it’s inherent sense of loss.  My paintings are a way of remembering.

In my landscape painting I’m inspired by Constable, Turner and the Hudson River painters, among others. In keeping with that tradition, I use the effects of light and atmosphere to invoke the transcendental or sublime. The experience of viewing landscape has the power to restore and uplift the human spirit. Ultimately, my paintings are images of quietude and stillness, offering a place to rest and reflect.